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You are welcome to this article I will be writing on snail farm startup guide – things you need to know about starting up a snail farm.
What is snail farming?
This is also known as Heliculture and it is the commercial production of snail for human consumption.
Types of Snail
There are mainly three type of snail namely:
1. Achatina marginata
2. Achatina Achatina
3. Achatina Fulica
Now these are three main snail that are farmed for commercial purpose and human consumption.
Let us now look into each carefully;
There is mainly three snail type that is well suitable for snail farming; we shall be looking at them now;
1). Achatina Fulica
This African land snail is largely located in East Africa, especially Kenya and Tanzania, and has the scientific name Achatina Fulica. They are famously known as the “giant African snail” or the “giant African land snail”.
Although they’re largely found in East Africa, these snails are can also be found in the US, China, Taiwan, and India. The adult Achatina Fulica snail is usually around 7 centimeters (2.8 in) in height and 20 centimeters (7.9 in) or more in length.
The shells of these snails are conical in shape, and also about twice as high as it is broad. The colours of their shells highly vary because they depend largely on their diet, but brown is the most common colour of these African land snails.
The major down side of the Achatina Fulica is they’re a large cause of pest issues around the world.
2). Achatina Achatina
Also know as the “African tiger land snail” or the “African giant snail”, these species of snails are air-breathing land snails.
They are said to be largely located in West Africa, between 160 to 300 kilometers off the coast of countries as, Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Benin, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Liberia, and Togo.
The shells of the Achatina Achatina can grow to a length of 18 centimeters (7.1 in) with a diameter of 9 centimeters (3.5 in). Some have been observed in the wild to grow to 30×15 cm.
These measurements makes them the largest extant species of land snails.
The Achatina Achatina, is a great source of protein, are hermaphrodites just like almost all pulmonate gastropods, and have both male and female organs. This makes each snail able to lay up to 1,200 eggs in a year.
The downside of the Achatina Achatina is they can be serious pests, and cause adverse effects to agriculture, natural ecosystems, commerce, and human health.
3). Achatina Marginata
The Achatina Marginata are giant West African snails or Banana Rasp snails. They are air breathing tropical land snails, can grow up to 20 cm long, and have the ability to live for up to 10 years.
This species of land snails are majorly found in Nigeria, through Cameroon, the republic of Congo, the Caribbean, and Martinique.
These snails are nocturnal forest dwellers, and dislike overcrowding. If they get too crowded in a particular space, they begin to spread out.
Their mating method varies per location. Because they do not have both sexual organs, they have to mate with the opposite sex to reproduce.
This mating method makes reproduction and population increase very slow for the Achatina Marginata, unlike the Achatina Achatina.
These land snails eat plants at a ferocious state, and so, this behaviour leads to the destruction of crops and damages to homes.
This is one of the strongest reasons the Achatina Marginata are banned in the United States.
The soil type for snail farming
The soil is the main habitat for Cornu Aspersum, which is the scientific name for snail. In Nigeria, the best type of soil for snail farming is sandy-loamy soil.
The shell of a snail is made up of a lot of calcium. The snail gets most of the calcium from the soil. Sandy-loamy soil which is the best for snail farming is not water-logged, dry or acidic, a research has shown.
The best place for snail farming is an environment that is not exposed to wind, hence, the sandy-loamy soil is the best. Snails from the forest and not the market are best for farming. Snails found in the market are usually exposed to sunlight and are mostly dehydrated.
However, it is not enough to just rear snail on good soil, the yield matters.
For more details your can order for our eBook on Snail farming in Nigeria now visit Our Store Now.
Lartinika Farms and Services
Lartinika Farms and Services is a farm business and service provider. We offer services in relation to 3 areas of farming namely:
1. Snail Farming
2. Fish Farming
3. Poultry Farming
We can help you with the following areas:
1. Farm Setup and Construction
2. Farm Stocking (Snail, Fish & Birds)
3. Farm Management
4. Special Feed Production Mechanism
5. Training for You and Your Staff
6. We sell e-books on Snail, Fish and Poultry Farming
7. We also Develop Startup Business Plans for Clients
8. We Facilitate Seminars & Summit for churches, cooperative, business groups, etc.
For Enquiry and Consultations
Phone Call: 07015815944, 08089583215